Cellulite: The Cause of Problem Areas

Many women struggle with areas of fat on their abdomen, legs, bottom, and arms. Things become especially problematic when the excess pounds on buttocks and thighs are coupled with cellulite. Young women have fewer problems with dimples because cellulite usually only develops with age. Excess storage of fat, weak connective tissue, and resultant fluid retention, as well as delayed lymphatic circulation, are responsible for cellulite. The adipose tissue pushes into the upper layers of the skin causing an unwanted orange peel skin surface. Interestingly, there is another cosmetic issue, which has a common root with cellulite: puffiness under the eyes. Puffy eyes generally result from a variety of factors such as lack of sleep, stress, allergies, or inherited facial features.

Temporarily relief may be achieved through such home remedies as cucumber slices, but a longer-lasting solution requires identification of the underlying cause and its particular treatment. In general, in the case of cellulite, there are two main culprits, namely fat storage and lymphoedema. The gradually degraded blood cells, which leak into surrounding tissue, also cause dark discoloration under the eyes. Since the skin around the eyes is the thinnest skin in the body, swelling and discoloration are very prominent. The origin of both problems can be traced back to fat storage or, to be more precise, fat cells, which are called adipocytes.

The fight against problem areas
Cosmetic strategies against cellulite generally have the following starting points:
1. Fat decomposition
· Prevention of the formation of new adipocytes
· Suppression of the storage of fat
· Activation of the breakdown of fat
2. Lymphatic drainage
· Stimulation of the microcirculation
(drainage by means of the lymphatic system)
· The removal of fatty acids by the vascular system
3. Skin firming
. This can be achieved by preventing the formation of adipocytes, suppressing lipogenesis or stimulating lipolysis. Activation of the microcirculation encourages drainage of the tissue by means of the lymphatic system and accelerates the removal of fatty acids by the vascular system. The cosmetics market has shown an increased demand for natural and plant-based substances. There are some plant extracts and natural substances in existence that could be used to address the fight against problem areas and cellulite.

Artichokes - From a cosmetic perspective, artichokes are a perfect fit as an active ingredient to fight problem areas as they stimulate the circulation and have a draining effect. Due to their
anti-oedematous and diuretic effects, they reduce swelling of the tissue caused by the retention of fluid from the vascular system.  the flavonoids, especially luteolin, support the effect of the methylxanthines. Luteolin also induces the breakdown of fat in the adipose tissue, most probably by inhibiting PDE.

Ref: Jang YJ, Koo HJ, Sohn EH, Kang SC, Rhee DK, Pyo S. Theobromine inhibits differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells during theearly stage of adipogenesis via AMPK and MAPK signaling pathway

Light Emitting Treatment for Acne

How does it work?

Acne vulgaris is a common disorder estimated to affect 80% of the population. The mainstays of current acne treatment are
antibiotics and retinoids, though patient success rates vary in these treatments. Development of bacterial resistance in antibiotic therapy is widely documented, whereas retinoid therapy carries a poor side-effect profile and displays teratogenicity. Topical preparations may also cause significant side effects, including skin irritation, and their effects may mimic skin deterioration leading to noncompliance with treatment.

There is a growing demand by patients for an effective, safe and side-effect-free treatment for acne. Photodynamic therapy suggested as one such modality.
Photodynamic therapy is the use of light to activate exogenously administered or endogenously formed photosensitizers. This results in the formation of singlet oxygen and reactive radicles leading to bacterial destruction. Propionibacterium acnes efficacy of combined blue and red or green light-emitting diode (LED) phototherapy for acne vulgaris. Blue light penetrates to a depth of approximately 90–150 μm. One study found that the combination of blue and red or green light was superior to either blue light.
~ Clear acne with combine home care
~ Clear the post inflammation
~ Prevent scars from developing badly.

Can chocolate exacerbate acne?

The effects of chocolate on acne exacerbations have recently been reevaluated. For so many years dark chocolate contains cocoa butter, which comprises 33% monounsaturated oleic acid and 33% stearic acid, among other fats. Oleic acid, when applied in animal models, has been shown to alter follicular epithelial keratinization resulting in comedo formation.  Correlations between types of diet and skin surface fatty acid profile have also been demonstrated. This might explain why the most dramatic increases in inflammatory lesions occur in the first half of the study period, mirroring the complaints of many individuals that flares of acne can occur even overnight after a chocolate binge. This supports the findings in the aforementioned studies where exacerbations of acne occur a few days after large amounts of chocolates were consumed.

The study supports the notion that chocolate consumption in average daily amounts for 4 weeks can increase both non-inflammatory and inflammatory lesions in subjects with acne. The results fit well with the data from a recent, excellent review by Spencer et al.,
which showed that the association between diets and acne has been demonstrated in different types of studies from epidemiological to clinical trials. Importantly, the majority of subjects with and without acne strongly believe that certain diets, particularly chocolate, can exacerbate acne.

Ref:  Fulton JE Jr, Plewig G, Kligman AM. Effect of chocolateon acne vulgaris. JAMA 1969; 210: 2071–2074.2 Anderson PC. Foods as the cause of acne

Carbohydrates: Good and Bad

I wholeheartedly believe our skin health is a system. Inside out, outside in. You need to do both in order to get the best skin health and a healthy lifestyle. ( Disclaimer I'm not a nutritionist nor claim to be. But I absolutely love every about skin health, cells, how does it work etc..) Im sharing from the articles studies that I read or research for the journal.

Today I want to share about carbohydrates. The good and the bad. How does it affect acne or other skin conditions?
  All carbohydrates are made up of different types of sugars. Common sugars include fructose (found in fruits) and lactose (found in dairy foods). Our body breaks them down into glucose or blood sugar. Glucose is essential for the functioning of the brain, nervous system, muscles, and various organs.  Carbohydrates are divided into two groups: simple and complex. The typical North American diet provides an overabundance of simple carbs and heavily processed starches, and too few unprocessed complex carbs
Simple Carbohydrates
Simple carbohydrates, or sugars, are so-called because they are chemically made of just one or two sugars. They can generally form crystals that dissolve in water and are easily digested. Naturally occurring sugars are found in a variety of fruits, some vegetables, and honey. Processed sugars include table sugar, brown sugar, molasses, and high-fructose corn syrup.

It’s hard to overdo it with foods that contain natural sugars; you’d have to eat a lot of fruits and vegetables to equal the amount of sugar in one piece of candy or one can of soda. Processed sugars, on the other hand, we overdo without realizing it. Most of the sugar in North Americans’ diets is added during food processing at the manufacturer—even to foods we don’t think of as sweet, like barbecue sauce or bread. These added sugars account for about 16% of the calories that Americans eat.

Reducing the amount of added sugar in your diet is a quick way to reduce calories without cutting out a lot of important nutrients. When examining food labels for added sugar, look for the words corn sweetener, corn syrup, or corn syrup solids as well as high-fructose corn syrup. Also look for other words ending in “ose” (like sucrose, lactose, maltose, glucose, and dextrose)

Complex Carbohydrates
Complex carbohydrates are made of complex chains of sugars and can be classified as starches or fiber. Our digestive system can metabolize most starches but lacks the enzymes needed to break down most fiber. But both are important to good health; while starches provide glucose for energy, dietary fiber promotes colon function. Starches and fiber are naturally found in most grains and vegetables and some fruits, which also provide essential nutrients such as B vitamins, iron, and other minerals. Unprocessed whole grains are the best source.

On the other hand, choosing refined grains such as white bread, sugary cereal, white rice, or white pasta can boost your heart attack risk by up to 30%. And refined grains are associated with insulin resistance and high blood pressure. The refining process removes fiber and many essential nutrients, making refined grains too easy to digest and thus flooding the body with too much glucose.

Acne and carbohydrates
By eating too many foods or fruits high in sugar or high in glycemic will lead the body to inflammation which is bad for acne-prone.  Acne is an inflammatory disease. Foods that high in glycemic are:
Watermelon (72)
Doughnuts (75)
French fries (76)
White Rice (89)
White bread (71)
Cheerios (74)
Pumpkin (75)
Instant oatmeal (83)
Rice pasta (78)
Parsnips (97)
Corn syrup (73)
Table sugar (75)
Soda (74)
Puffed rice

Ref: From the book called Food that good and food that bad.

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